The Communist Manifesto (Das Kommunistische Manifest) is a human achievement that needs no introduction. It was first published in German language in 1848 as Manifesto of the Communist Party. Since Europe was in the grip of unprecedented revolutions at that time, it was immediately translated into many European languages. Today, it exists in nearly all world languages and continues to stir the downtrodden of the Earth. This edition includes Marx and Engels s preface to the 1872 German edition and Engels s preface to the 1888 English version.